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Around Andhra Pradesh

Earlier History | Culture  | Facts & Figures | Beaches  | Cuisines | Festivals | Around Andhra Pradesh

Centuries ago, Andhra Pradesh was a major Buddhist centre and part of Emperor Ashoka's sprawling kingdom. Not surprisingly, traces of early Buddhist influence are still visible in several places in and around the state. After the death of Emperor Ashoka, several dynasties from the Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagaram kings, Qutb Shahis, Mughals and the Asaf Jahi's, ruled this princely city.

Adilabad              
This district was earlier called as Ethlabad. This place was under the rule of the kakatiya Velma and Qutubshahi and Asaf Jahin Kings. This district was

formed in the year 1905.

The District is occupied with 50% of Forest area, and Hosts Three wild life sanctuaries. 1.Pranahita is famous for Tigers, Jaguars, Deer and different Birds, 2.Shivaram is famous for Crocodiles, Monkeys, Foxes and Spotted deer, 3.Kawal is famous for Tigers, Jaguars, Deer's and Panthers. The mineral Wealth found in this district is Coal, Hematite. The Bamboo's from the forest feeds the Sirpur paper mill at Sirpur Khaghaz Nagar, which was established in 1938

World Famous Nirmal Paintings and Toys, and Bell Metal Craft are the handicrafts of this District. The temple of Goddess Saraswathi, the one and only temple of this deity in South India, located at Basar is a famous pilgrim place. The water sources to this district are Kadem Project at Lakkipet, Vattivagu Project on Vattivagu, Satnalavagu project on Rallavagu and Chelamalavagu project on Chelamalavagu at Ekkapally village. Pochampadu Reservoir on river Godavari caters the water supply to the farm fields.

Nalgonda
Deccan Cements, Nagarjuna Cements, Raasi Cements, Kakatiya Cements, Nizam Sugar factory
Earlier this place was called as Neelagiri which was under the rule of Sathavahana, Golkonda, Moghal and Nizam Kings.

Forest occupies an area of 44% of the total district area. The district is placed in Number one position in cement production in the State. Ingredients used in the cement manufacturing are surplus in most parts of the district. So as many major cement factories are holding their stake in this arena. Deccan Cements at Huzurnagar, Nagarjuna Cements at Ketupally, Raasi Cements near Miryalaguda, Kakatiya Cements at Kodada, are the major cement producing houses in the district as well as in the State.

Nizam Sugar factory situated at Miryalaguda is another major sugar factory in the state. Pochampally Handlooms have their special place in the Garments industry is a product of this district. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam , the biggest earth dam in the World is the chief irrigation and power source to the state. The other sources of water to this district are through Left Nagarjuna Canal, Asifnagar, Saligauravam and Dindi Projects. Degree Colleges are affiliated to Nagarjuna University of Guntur Dist.
 

Kurnool
This district has Historic importance. Once this district is called as Kandhanaole and later it is named as Kurnool. This place was under the rule of Telugu Chola, kakathiya and Vijayanagara Kings, Delhi Sultans and Nizam Nawabs. The king Polamavema Reddy developed Pilgrimage places for the convenience of the pilgrims during his period. The river Krishna at Srikalahasti is called as Pathala Ganga.

Forest area caters quality timber. District hosts one of the biggest wildlife sanctuary by project name "Operation Tiger". Iron ore and some amount of copper deposits are present in these lands. The clays used as the drilling mud and white clay is also found in these areas. Handloom Industry is picking up its

pace in this district for the past decade. Groundnut oil mills are to be seen in many parts of the district. With financial aid from Netherlands and Switzerland, Silk industry and Self-employment schemes for women are being taken up swiftly in the district. Delicious Mangoes of Banginapally are from this district. Ladies finger is the main Vegetable Crop in this district. Kurnool - Cuddapah canal abbreviated as KC canal, Thungabhadra and Krishna Rivers are the water sources to the district. Srisailam Hydro Power Project on the River Krishna is a major power project of the state. The power supply to this district is mainly through Humpi power project on river Thungabadra and Srisailam Hydro power project. All colleges in this district are affiliated to Sri Krishna Devaraya University.
 

Chittoor
This District was formed in the year 1911. This place was under the rule of Pallavas Cholas, vijayanagara kings and in the end by the Britishers. The History reveals the existence of human dwellings of New Stone age in this place. The forest area supplements the Teak and rich Red Sandal wood, which gets exported, earning lots of foreign currency to the Nation. Apart from this, Honey, Tamarind, and many Ayurvedic plants are by-products of this forest. The Drinking Water needs of the district are fulfilled by Galeru-Nagari-Sujala Sravanthi Project. Electricity is supplied to this district through Thunga Bhadra Hydro Electric Project. The water Supply to this district is mainly through

Aarani Project, Peddheru Reservoir on peddheru, a tributary of Papaghni, Bugga dam on Kusastathi, Mallimadugu on Racha canal and Kalinga project on Kalinga canal. The District hosts Sri Venkateswara Sanctuary for Protecting Tigers, Hyena's at Chandragiri and Koundinya Sanctuaries. Nutrine sweats and confectionaries are from this district. There are some Small Scale Industries established by the Unemployed youth in this district. All Degree colleges in this district are affiliated to Sri Venkateswara University.

Nizamabad

Sri Neelakanteswara temple, Sarangapuram Hanuman temple at Nizamabad and Kentu Masjid. This place was earlier called as Indrapuri or Indur. This place was under the rule of Chalukya, Thugluk Dynasty, Golkonda and Nizam Kings. this district was formed in the year 1905.

Forest area occupies 21% of the district area. Quality Timber is extracted from these forests, Tamarind and Honey are the other products obtained from these woods. Bodhan Sugar Factory , the biggest sugar factory in Andhra Pradesh is a major industrial establishment of the district.

Confectioneries and Alcohol units are also found in some parts of the district. The project built on river Manjeera at Achampeta, Pocharam, and Poochampadu, Ramadugu Projects are the major irrigation sources. All Degree colleges are affiliated to the Osmania University - Hyderabad.
 

Medak
This place was under the rule of Satavahana, VishnuKumdin, Western Chalukya, Rastakuta, Yadhava, Kakathiya, Qutub Shahi and Nizam kings. History reveals the contacts with Romans.

Forest area occupies 9.96% of the total district area. Eucalyptus plantations are taken up as the social forestry scheme in the district. Manjeera Crocodile Sanctuary is situated with an area of 20 Sq.km is a place to be visited. There are many Government establishments in the district Vishaka Asbestos cement factory at Patanchervu, BHEL, ICRISAT, are the major ones. Medium and Small

scale industries and ancillary units are there supporting the BHEL. Singuru Nizam Sager Project build on the river Manjeera , provides drinking water to the neighboring district of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Medak Church Built in 1914 by Charles Walker Pasnet is coined as the biggest church in the South India. It has taken 10 years of uninterrupted construction time for completion of the structure. All Educational institutions of degree level are affiliated to Osmania University of Hyderabad

Karimnagar
Kesoram cements at Basantnagar, Ramagundam Fertilizers, Ramagundam Thermal power station This place was under the rule of Satavahanas in the begining and the Vishnukumdin, Vemulavada Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Qutubshahis and Asaf Jahis. This place was earlier called as Elgamdala. This district was formed in the year 1906.

The forest yields Commodities, apart from usual Timber. Government has taken steps in making social forestry. The chief mineral found in this district is Coal. The main source of water to this district is through Boggulavagu project on Boggulavagu, Echampalli project on river Godavari. Ramagundam Thermal Power Station is the major Plant found in this District.
 

   
 

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