Karunadu of the ancient times and Karnataka of today has a
rich culture and history that goes back as far as the
pre-historic times. In fact the history of Karnataka is
traceable to the stone ages and a stone axe unearthed at an
excavation site near Raichur confirms this fact.
History records indicate that the people of Karnataka were
competent with iron instruments and iron implements that
date back to the 1200 B.C. have been discovered near Dhaward
and Hallur in Karnataka, South India.
Maurya rulers played a very important role in the history of
Karnataka followed by the cultural influence of Chalukyan
kings. Hoysalas, Bahamani and the Adil
Shahi kings, have played a very important role in the
history of Karnataka, South India. The Sattavahanas, Nandas,
Pallavas and Ganga rulers have made their contribution to
the culture and history of Karnataka.
The Badami rulers were the ones who integrated entire
Karnataka under one rule as a whole. Badami Chalukyas
constructed architectural splendors in Aihole, Pattadakal
and Badami, the ruins of which still stand proud as
reminders of a rich cultural heritage and history.
The Hoysala temples in Belur, Halebid and Somnathpur give
you a glimpse into the rich cultural history of Karnataka,
Krishnadevaraya, the greatest warrior ruler of Karnataka
turned the course of Karnataka's history. An excellent
administrator, scholar and art connoisseur, Krishnadevaraya
consolidated Karnataka under the Vijayanagar Empire after
Mohammad Tughlaq's army nearly destroyed the Hoysala capital
Vijayanagar flourished in prosperity for a long time till
the Wodeyars of Mysore came into the picture. The Wodeyar
rulers lost their capital to one of their own army generals,
Haider Ali. Haider Ali and his son Tipu Sultan faced British
attacks with political assistance from the colonial French
In 1799 the British succeeded in annexing Karnataka and
placed the Wodeyar rulers back on throne, who managed
Karnataka till India gained independence in 1947.
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